The recent policy rate cut by RBI led the slowing down of economic activities after series of global financial dips. The policy repo rate (at which banks borrow money from the RBI) has been slashed by 50 basis points during recently concluded economic policy revision by RBI.
Banks and financial institutions have started cutting down the base rates which are linked to loan and deposit interest rates. After the rate reduction, IDBI bank has already reduced the base rate by 25 basis points.
The investors have to make a right balance in her/his portfolio. The portfolio should be so designed that the effect of interest rate downtrend and economic volatility remains minimum. With fall in bank's interest rate, other financial products are expected to follow the trend and come up with a rate correction in coming days. In such situation, investors have to look after safe harbor to invest their funds.
Following are Some Investment options when interest rates fall down
1. Public Provident Fund (PPF)
The interest rate has been increased to 8.8% by the government. The change in an interest rate of PPF is not very common. Government keeps an eye on the rates and makes alterations only on the heavy changes in rates by the RBI.
This stable nature of the fund makes it popular among common investors. So, this is one of the good options to invest in.
2. National Saving Certificates (NSC)
The recent changes in Post Office Savings Scheme have been very attractive for investors. NSC is a scheme for investors of medium term say 5 to 10 years.
The change in interest has also been made in NSC, i.e. 8.6 per cent for five years and 8.9 per cent for ten years.
This is another good option for investors in the current economic scenario.
It is the hottest investment area these days. When interest rate falls, real estate developers and builders get relief as they can get the fund at cheaper cost. The construction works gets faster, and the property is sold quickly as the purchaser also gets bank loans at lower rates.
So, any interest rate cut generates liquidity in the market which in turn creates an option for the investors to invest their funds and get better return.
4. Investment in bonds through mutual funds
The normal investor, who doesn't have so much knowledge of the market and its products, wants simplified investment plans.
Investment in bonds is not an easy job to handle as the price of bond is negatively correlated to the interest rate. When interest rates are hiked, the price of bond falls and vice versa. So the investor cannot track such a process every time. The best option to invest in bonds is through mutual fund.
Investing through mutual fund ensures risk handling and better return. So this is a good option to invest.
5. Bullion market and exchange traded fund (ETF)
This has shown tremendous growth continuously from many years. The volume of trade in bullion market has grown manifold in the last few years.
If the investment is done with proper care and planning, the returns can be very higher. Though risk associated with it is low proper care is always required for timing the investment and to earn higher return. Investment in bullion can be made by demat (e.g. NSEL) also and profit can be booked from time to time during volatile movements.
The government is removing a subsidy from petroleum products which in turn will bring up the inflation rate. In such situation, the best commodity to invest in is gold.
Investment in gold can be done by physical purchase, ETF, or through commodity market. Whatever may be the mode of purchase, gold provides proper hedge against growing inflation and becomes good opportunity for investment. With the falling interest rate, the prices of gold ensure better security for the invested funds.
Investors should select investment plans as per their choice. The return is always associated with risk and the investor himself is the best judge to decide what her/his preferences are, risk bearing capacity and time period for investment. Taking all these points into consideration, s/he can opt for the best investment plan.